Lettera aperta all'Onu sul percorso verso il WSIS Tunisi 2005

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Rifugiati - da UNHCR

Le organizzazioni che operano per la libertà di espressione riunite nell'incontro International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) tenutosi lo scorso 18 giugno a Baku (Azerbaijan) esprimono con una lettera aperta verso l'ONU, l'ITU e l'UNESCO la loro preoccupazione sul ruolo del governo tunisino nel percorso di avvicinamento al World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) che si terrà nel novembre 2005 proprio in Tunisia, in quanto reo di violare la libertà di espressione e quindi i principi della Carta delle Nazioni Unite. Quindi viene chiesta all'Onu di riconsiderare la sede del prossimo WSIS se il governo tunisino non farà dei progressi sul diritto alla libertà di espressione.

Open Letter
addresses of all
signatories appended

His Excellency Mr. Kofi Annan
Secretary General of the United Nations
United Nations Organisation
New York, NY10017 - USA

cc. Mr Yoshio Utsumi, Secretary General, ITU
Mr Koichiro Matsuura, Director General, UNESCO

Baku, 18 June 2004

Dear Sir

We, freedom of expression organisations assembled at the General Meeting of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange (IFEX) in Baku, Azerbaijan on18 June 2004, write to express our deep and continuing concerns about plans to hold the UN World Summit on the Information Society in Tunis in 2005.

At the conclusion of the first phase of the WSIS, the Intergovernmental Summit in Geneva adopted a Declaration of Principles affirming the centrality of human rights and freedom of expression as fundamental principles for the information society.

Despite this, the Tunisian government continues to violate its commitments under the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights. The broadcast media remain dominated by the state, websites and newspapers critical of the government have been blocked or are prevented from publishing, censorship of the Internet is routine practice and Tunisia continues to imprison its citizens for exercising their freedom of expression.

We urge the United Nations and Member States to change the venue of the World Summit on the Information Society unless the government of Tunisia makes substantial progress on respect for human rights and freedom of expression. The following are basic and essential benchmarks for progress before holding the Summit in Tunisia:

1. The recognition of and respect for the unfettered right of human rights and other civil society groups including freedom of expression organisations to operate freely in Tunisia.

2. The dropping of charges against and the release of individuals jailed for exercising their right to freedom of expression consistently with international human rights law.

3. Reform of the media and communications environment including the right to establish independent media outlets and uncensored access to the Internet.

In addition we require clear guarantees concerning the Summit itself:

4. That all local and international human rights and other civil society organisations are free to participate in the Summit and to publish, broadcast or otherwise distribute and to receive material at and from the conference site without threat or practice of any form of censorship.

5. That local and international media will be able to report freely and without interference from the Summit including directly from the conference site.

We call on the United Nations and Member States to insist that the Tunisian government make these guarantees concerning the Summit itself and that it commit to substantial and measurable progress with respect to the benchmarks that we have set out above.

In the event that the Tunisian government is unwilling to make such commitments we urge the Secretary General of the United Nations to recommend the General Assembly reconsider its decision to hold the World Summit on the Information Society in Tunisia.

Yours,

ARTICLE 19
Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE)
Cartoonists Rights Network, International (CRN)
Center for Human Rights and Democratic Studies (CEHURDES)
Central Asian and Southern Caucasus Freedom of Expression Network (CASCFEN)
Centre for Journalism in Extreme Situations (CJES)
Centro de Reportes Informativos sobre Guatemala (CERIGUA)
Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
Fundaci㳀n para la Libertad de Prensa (Foundation for Press Freedom)
Freedom House
Freedom of Expression Institute (FXI)
Independent Journalism Centre (IJC), Moldova
Index on Censorship
International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
Journaliste en danger (Journalist in Danger, JED)
Media Foundation for West Africa (MFWA)
Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA)
Media Rights Agenda
Norwegian PEN
PERIODISTAS, la Asociaci㳀n para la Defensa del Periodismo Independiente
Southeast Asian Press Alliance (SEAPA)
Thai Journalists Association (TJA)
World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC)
World Association of Newspapers (WAN)
World Press Freedom Committee (WPFC)

Fonte: Campagna Cris

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